takana is a wholesale nursery, and our trees are at wholesale prices for delivery in quantity. 

So we cannot accept delivery orders for first time buyers of less than five trees.

Please Note: All prices are exclusive of GST and are subject to change without prior notice. 

Download price list

TREE NAME LATIN/MAORI NAME PRICE
Akapuka (Griselinia lucida)(25L) Griselinia lucida, Akapuka $50
Akapuka (Griselinia lucida)(45L) Griselinia lucida, Akapuka $95
Ake Ake Green (Didonaea viscosa) (25L) Didonaea viscosa, Ake Ake green $50
Ake Ake Green (Didonaea viscosa)  (45L) Didonaea viscosa, Ake Ake green $95
Ake Ake Red(Didonaea viscosa)   (45L) Didonaea viscosa, Ake Ake red $95
Akiraho (Olearia paniculata) (Field) Olearia paniculata, Akiraho $1450
Baylisiana (Pennantia  baylisiana) (45L) Pennantia baylisiana, Baylisiana $130
Baylisiana (Pennantia baylisiana) (400L) Pennantia baylisiana, Baylisiana $1100
Black Maire (Nestegis cunninghamii) (45L) AVAILABLE 2020 Nestegis cunninghamii, Black Maire $130
Bog Pine Halocarpus bidwillii (45L) AVAILABLE 2021 Halocarpus bidwillii, Bog Pine $150
Bog Pine (Halocarpus bidwillii) (300L) Halocarpus bidwillii, Bog Pine $800
Chatham Island Ake Ake (Olearia traversiorum) (25L) Olearia traversii $50
Chatham Island Ake Ake (Olearia traversiorum) (45L) Olearia traversii $95
Coastal Maire (Nestegis apetala) (25L) Nestegis apetala, Coastal Maire $60
Coastal Maire (Nestegis apetala) (45L) Nestegis apetala, Coastal Maire $130
Coastal Maire (Nestegis apetala) (160L) Nestegis apetala, Coastal Maire $650
Coprosma lucida, Karamu (25L) Coprosma lucida, Karamu $50
Coprosma lucida, Karamu (PP35) Coprosma lucida, Karamu $95
Coprosma propinqua, Mingimingi (PP35) Coprosma propinqua, Mingimingi $95
Coprosma repens, Taupata (45L) Coprosma repens, Taupata $95
Elingamita (Elingamita johnsonii) (20-25L) Elingamita johnsonii, Elingamita $60
Elingamita (Elingamita johnsonii) (45L) Elingamita johnsonii, Elingamita $130
Elingamita (Elingamita johnsonii) (160L) Elingamita johnsonii, Elingamita $650
Ewekuri (Streblus banksii) (45L) Streblus banksii, Ewekuri $95
Ewekuri (Streblus banksii) (80L) Streblus banksii, Ewekuri $220
Ewekuri (Streblus banksii) (160L) Streblus banksii, Ewekuri $425
Ewekuri (Streblus banksii) (Field) Streblus banksii, Ewekuri $1450
Ferns (Cyathea dealbata Silver) (25L) Cyathea dealbata, Silver $90
Ferns (Cyathea dealbata Silver) (45L) Cyathea dealbata, Silver $180
Ferns (Cyathea dealbata Silver) (80L) Cyathea dealbata, Silver $300
Ferns (Cyathea medullaris) (80L) Cyathea medullaris, Mamaku $300
Ferns (Cyathea medullaris) (160L) Cyathea medullaris, Mamaku $600
Ferns (Dicksonia squarrosa) (25L) Dicksonia squarrosa, Wheki $90
Ferns (Dicksonia squarrosa) (45L) Dicksonia squarrosa, Wheki $180
Ferns (Dicksonia squarrosa) (80L) Dicksonia squarrosa, Wheki $300
Ferns (Dicksonia squarrosa) (160L) Dicksonia squarrosa, Wheki $600
Ferox (Pseudopanax ferox) (25L) Pseudopanax ferox, Ferox $50
Ferox (Pseudopanax ferox) (45L) Pseudopanax ferox, Ferox $95
Ferox (Pseudopanax ferox) (160L) Pseudopanax ferox, Ferox $425
Hinau (Eleocarpus dentatus) (45L) Eleocarpus dentatus, Hinau $130
Hinau (Eleocarpus dentatus) (160L) Eleocarpus dentatus, Hinau $650
Hinau (Eleocarpus dentatus) (Field) Eleocarpus dentatus, Hinau $1500
Horoeka (Pseudopanax crassifolium) (25L) Pseudopanax crassifolium, Horoeka $50
Horoeka (Pseudopanax crassifolium) (45L) Pseudopanax crassifolium, Horoeka $95
Horoeka (Pseudopanax crassifolium) (160L) Pseudopanax crassifolium, Horoeka $425
Houhere (Hoheria populnea)(PP35) Hoheria populnea, Houhere $95
Houpara (Pseudopanaxlessonii) (25L) Pseudopanax lessonii, Houpara $50
Houpara (Pseudopanaxlessonii) (45L) Pseudopanax lessonii, Houpara $95
Houpara Cyril Watson (Pseudopanax lessonii)(45L) Pseudopanax lessonii, Houpara Cyril Watson $95
Houpara Sabre(Pseudopanax lessonii) (45L) Pseudopanax lessonii, Houpara Sabre $95
Hungere (Hoheriaangustifolia) (PP35) Hoheria angustifolia, Hungere $95
Hungere (Hoheriaangustifolia) (160L) Hoheria angustifolia, Hungere $425
Kahikatea (Dacrycarpus dacrydioides) (45L) Dacrycarpus dacrydioides, Kahikatea $80
Kahikatea (Dacrycarpus dacrydioides) (160L) Dacrycarpus dacrydioides, Kahikatea $350
Kaikomako (Pennantiacorymbosa) (45L) Pennantia corymbosa, Kaikomako $130
Kamahi (Weinmanniaracemosa) (300L) Weinmannia racemosa, Kamahi $600
Kanuka (Kunzea ericoides) (25L) Kunzea ericoides, Kanuka $50
Kanuka (Kunzea ericoides) (45L) Kunzea ericoides, Kanuka $95
Kanuka Coastal (35PP) Kunzea ericoides, Kanuka Coastal $95
Karaka (Corynocarpus laevigatus) (45L) Corynocarpus laevigatus, Karaka $80
Karaka (Corynocarpus laevigatus) (160L) Corynocarpus laevigatus, Karaka $350
Karaka (Corynocarpus laevigatus) (300L) Corynocarpus laevigatus, Karaka $750
Karaka (Corynocarpus laevigatus) (450L) Corynocarpus laevigatus, Karaka $950
Karaka (Corynocarpus laevigatus) (Field) Corynocarpus laevigatus, Karaka $1250
Kauri (Agathis australis) (45L) Agathis australis, Kauri $95
Kauri (Agathis australis) (160L) Agathis australis, Kauri $425
Kawaka (Libocedrus plumosa) (25L) Libocedrus plumosa, Kawaka $60
Kawaka (Libocedrus plumosa) (45L) Libocedrus plumosa, Kawaka $130
Kawaka (Libocedrus plumosa) (160L) Libocedrus plumosa, Kawaka $650
Kawaka (Libocedrus plumosa) (300L) Libocedrus plumosa, Kawaka $950
Kawaka (Libocedrus plumosa) (Field) Libocedrus plumosa, Kawaka P.O.A
Kohekohe (Dysoxylum spectabile) (25L) Dysoxylum spectabile, Kohekohe $50
Kohekohe (Dysoxylum spectabile) (45L) Dysoxylum spectabile, Kohekohe $95
Kohekohe (Dysoxylum spectabile) (160L) AVAILABLE 2020 Dysoxylum spectabile, Kohekohe $425
Kowhai Chathamica (Sophora chathamica) (25L) AVAILABLE AUTUMN 2020 Sophora chathamica $50
Kowhai Chathamica (Sophora chathamica) (45L) AVAILABLE AUTUMN 2020 Sophora chathamica $95
Kowhai Chathamica (Sophora chathamica) (80L) AVAILABLE AUTUMN 2020 Sophora chathamica $220
Kowhai Chathamica (Sophora chathamica) (160L) AVAILABLE AUTUMN 2020 Sophora chathamica $425
Kowhai Chathamica (Sophora chathamica) (Field) AVAILABLE AUTUMN 2020 Sophora chathamica $1450
Kowhai Fulvida (Sophora fulvida) (45L) AVAILABLE AUTUMN 2020 Sophora fulvida $95
Kowhai Fulvida (Sophora fulvida) (160L) AVAILABLE AUTUMN 2020 Sophora fulvida $425
Kowhai Fulvida (Sophora fulvida) (Field) AVAILABLE AUTUMN 2020 Sophora fulvida $1450
Kowhai Longicorinata (Sophora longicarinata) (160L) AVAILABLE AUTUMN 2020 Sophora longicarinata $425
Kowhai Microphylla (Sophora microphylla) (45L) AVAILABLE AUTUMN 2020 Sophora microphylla $95
Kowhai Microphylla (Sophora microphylla) (160L) AVAILABLE AUTUMN 2020 Sophora microphylla $425
Kowhai Microphylla (Sophora microphylla) (Field) AVAILABLE AUTUMN 2020 Sophora microphylla $1450
Mahoe (Melicytus ramiflorus) (25L) Melicytus ramiflorus, Mahoe $50
Mahoe (Melicytus ramiflorus) (45L) Melicytus ramiflorus, Mahoe $95
Maire tawhake (Syzygium maire) (25L) Syzygium maire, Maire tawhake $60
Maire tawhake (Syzygium maire) (45L) Syzygium maire, Maire tawhake $130
Makamaka (Ackama rosifolia) (45L) Ackama rosifolia, Makamaka $130
Makamaka (Ackama rosifolia) (80L) Ackama rosifolia, Makamaka $240
Makomako (Aristotelia serrata) (45L) Aristotelia serrata, Makomako $95
Manatu (Plagianthus regius) (25L) Plagianthus regius, Manatu $50
Manatu (Plagianthus regius) (45L) Plagianthus regius, Manatu $95
Manatu (Plagianthus regius) (80L) Plagianthus regius, Manatu $220
Manatu (Plagianthus regius) (160L) AVAILABLE 2020 Plagianthus regius, Manatu $425
Matai (Prumnopitys taxifolia) (45L) Prumnopitys taxifolia, Matai $95
Matai (Prumnopitys taxifolia) (300L) Prumnopitys taxifolia, Matai $800
Matai (Prumnopitys taxifolia) (Field) Prumnopitys taxifolia, Matai $1100
Matipo (Myrsine australis) (25L) Myrsine australis, Matipo $50
Matipo (Myrsine australis) (45L) Myrsine australis, Matipo $95
Matipo (Myrsine australis) (160L) Myrsine australis, Matipo $425
Miro (Prumnopitys ferruginea) (45L) Prumnopitys ferruginea, Miro $95
Miro (Prumnopitys ferruginea) (160L) Prumnopitys ferruginea, Miro $425
Mistral (Metrosideros excelsa x robusta) (25L) Metrosideros excelsa x robusta, Pohutukawa Mistral $60
Mistral (Metrosideros excelsa x robusta) (45L) Metrosideros excelsa x robusta, Pohutukawa Mistral $110
Mistral (Metrosideros excelsa x robusta) (80L) Metrosideros excelsa x robusta, Pohutukawa Mistral $240
Mistral (Metrosideros excelsa x robusta) (160L) Metrosideros excelsa x robusta, Pohutukawa Mistral $550
Monoao (Halocarpus kirkii) (80L) Halocarpus kirkii, Monoao $220
Monoao (Halocarpus kirkii) (300L) Halocarpus kirkii, Monoao $1250
Mountain Toatoa (Phyllocladus alpinus) (300L) Phyllocladus alpinus, Mountain Toatoa $1250
Ngaio (Myoporum laetum) (25L) Myoporum laetum, Ngaio $50
Ngaio (Myoporum laetum) (45L) Myoporum laetum, Ngaio $95
Ngaio (Myoporum laetum) (300L) Myoporum laetum, Ngaio $750
Nikau Pitt Island (Rhopalostylis pittica) (25L) Rhopalostylis pittica, Nikau Pitt $120
Nikau Pitt Island (Rhopalostylis pittica) (45L) Rhopalostylis pittica, Nikau Pitt $210
Nikau Pitt Island (Rhopalostylis pittica) (80L) Rhopalostylis pittica, Nikau Pitt $420
Nikau Pitt Island (Rhopalostylis pittica) (160L) Rhopalostylis pittica, Nikau Pitt $825
Nikau Pitt Island (Rhopalostylis pittica) (Field, 4m) Rhopalostylis pittica, Nikau Pitt $2750
Oliveri (Myrsine oliveri) (45L) Myrsine oliveri, Oliveri $150
Oliveri (Myrsine oliveri) (300L) Myrsine oliveri, Oliveri $950
Oro Oro (Nestegis montana) (45L) Nestegis montana, Oro Oro $95
Oro Oro (Nestegis montana) (160L) Nestegis montana, Oro Oro $425
Papauma (Griselinia littoralis) (25L) Griselinia littoralis, Papauma (Canterbury) $50
Papauma (Griselinia littoralis) (45L) Griselinia littoralis, Papauma (Canterbury) $80
Pittosporum Karo (Pittosporum crassifolium) (25L) Pittosporum crassifolium (Karo) $50
Pittosporum Karo (Pittosporum crassifolium) (45L) Pittosporum crassifolium (Karo) $80
Pittosporum Karo (Pittosporum crassifolium) (80L) Pittosporum crassifolium (Karo) $160
Pittosporum Kohuhu (Pittosporum tenuifolium) (45L) Pittosporum tenuifolium $80
Pittosporum Stephens Island (Pittosporum ralphii) (25L) Pittosporum ralphii (Stephens Is) $50
Pittosporum Stephens Island (Pittosporum ralphii) (45L) Pittosporum ralphii (Stephens Is) $80
Pittosporum eugenoides Tarata (Pittosporum eugenoides)  (25L) Pittosporum eugenoides (Tarata) $50
Pittosporum eugenoides Tarata (Pittosporum eugenoides)  (45L) Pittosporum eugenoides (Tarata) $80
Pohutukawa (Metrosideros excelsa) (45L) Metrosideros excelsa, Pohutukawa $80
Pohutukawa (Metrosideros excelsa) (160L) Metrosideros excelsa, Pohutukawa $350
Pohutukawa (Metrosideros excelsa) (Field) Metrosideros excelsa, Pohutukawa P.O.A
Pohutukawa Maori Princess (Metrosideros excelsa) (45L) Metrosideros excelsa, Pohutukawa Maori Princess $80
Pohutukawa Maori Princess (Metrosideros excelsa) (80L) Metrosideros excelsa, Pohutukawa Maori Princess $160
Pohutukawa Maori Princess (Metrosideros excelsa) (160L) Metrosideros excelsa, Pohutukawa Maori Princess $350
Pohutukawa Maori Princess (Metrosideros excelsa) (Field) Metrosideros excelsa Maori Princess, Pohutukawa P.O.A
Pokaka (Eleocarpus hookerianus) (45L) Eleocarpus hookerianus, Pokaka $130
Pokaka (Eleocarpus hookerianus) (Field) Eleocarpus hookerianus, Pokaka $1450
Porokaiwhiri (Hedycarya arborea) (45L) Hedycarya arborea, Porokaiwhiri $130
Porokaiwhiri (Hedycarya arborea) (80L) Hedycarya arborea, Porokaiwhiri $220
Puka (Meryta sinclairii) (PP35) Meryta sinclairii, Puka $95
Puka (Meryta sinclairii) (160L) AVAILABLE 2020 Meryta sinclairii, Puka $425
Pukatea (Laurelia novae zealandiae) (PP35) Laurelia novae zealandiae, Pukatea $95
Pukatea (Laurelia novae zealandiae) (45L) Laurelia novae zealandiae, Pukatea $130
Pukatea (Laurelia novae zealandiae) (300L) Laurelia novae zealandiae, Pukatea $950
Puriri (Vitex lucens) (25L) Vitex lucens, Puriri $50
Puriri (Vitex lucens) (45L) Vitex lucens, Puriri $80
Puriri (Vitex lucens) (80L) Vitex lucens, Puriri $160
Puriri (Vitex lucens) (160L) Vitex lucens, Puriri $350
Puriri (Vitex lucens) (450L) Vitex lucens, Puriri $1450
Puriri (Vitex lucens) (Field) Vitex lucens, Puriri P.O.A
Putaputaweta (Carpodetus serratus) (45L) Carpodetus serratus, Putaputaweta $130
Rata Bartlett’s (Metrosideros bartlettii) (45L) AVAILABLE 2021 Bartlett’s Rata, Metrosideros bartlettii $130
Rata (Metrosideros robusta) (45L) Metrosideros robusta, Rata $95
Rata (Metrosideros robusta) (160L) AVAILABLE 2020 Metrosideros robusta, Rata $425
Rata Southern (Metrosideros umbellata) (45L) Metrosideros umbellata, Southern Rata $130
Rata Southern (Metrosideros umbellata) (300L) Metrosideros umbellata, Southern Rata $600
Rewarewa (Knightia excelsa) (25L) AVAILABLE AUTUMN 2020 Knightia excelsa, Rewarewa $50
Rewarewa (Knightia excelsa) (45L) AVAILABLE AUTUMN 2020 Knightia excelsa, Rewarewa $80
Rewarewa (Knightia excelsa) (60L) Knightia excelsa, Rewarewa $175
Rewarewa(Knightia excelsa)(160L) Knightia excelsa, Rewarewa $350
Rimu (Dacramedium cupressinum) (45L) Dacramedium cupressinum , Rimu $130
Rimu (Dacramedium cupressinum) (400L) Dacramedium cupressinum , Rimu $950
Rimu (Dacramedium cupressinum) (Field) Dacramedium cupressinum , Rimu P.O.A
Tawhai (Lophozonia menziesii) (80L) Lophozonia menziesii, Silver Beech $220
Tawhai (Lophozonia menziesii) (160L) Lophozonia menziesii, Silver Beech $425
Tawhai (Lophozonia menziesii) (Field) Lophozonia menziesii, Silver Beech $1450
Tanekaha (Phyllocladus trichomanoides) (25L) Phyllocladus trichomanoides, Tanekaha $60
Tanekaha (Phyllocladus trichomanoides) (45L) Phyllocladus trichomanoides, Tanekaha $130
Tanekaha (Phyllocladus trichomanoides) (160L) Phyllocladus trichomanoides, Tanekaha $650
Tanekaha (Phyllocladus trichomanoides) (Field) Phyllocladus trichomanoides, Tanekaha $1450
Taraire (Beilschmiedia tarairi) (25L) Beilschmiedia tarairi, Taraire $50
Taraire (Beilschmiedia tarairi) (45L) Beilschmiedia tarairi, Taraire $80
Taraire (Beilschmiedia tarairi) (160L) Beilschmiedia tarairi, Taraire $350
Tawa (Beilschmiedia tawa) (45L) Beilschmiedia tawa, Tawa $130
Tawa (Beilschmiedia tawa) (300L) Beilschmiedia tawa, Tawa $900
Tawapou (Planchonella costata) (25L) Planchonella costata, Tawapou $50
Tawapou (Planchonella costata) (45L) Planchonella costata, Tawapou $95
Tawapou (Planchonella costata) (60L) Planchonella costata, Tawapou $175
Tawapou (Planchonella costata) (80L) Planchonella costata, Tawapou $250
Tawapou (Planchonella costata) (160L) Planchonella costata, Tawapou $425
Tawhero (Weinmannia silvicola) (45L) Weinmannia silvicola, Tawhero $95
Tawhero (Weinmannia silvicola) (300L) Weinmannia silvicola, Tawhero $950
Tawhero (Weinmannia silvicola) Field Weinmannia silvicola, Tawhero P.O.A
Tecomanthe (Tecomanthe speciosa) (PP35) Tecomanthe speciosa, Tecomanthe $95
Tecomanthe (Tecomanthe speciosa) Bin Tecomanthe speciosa, Tecomanthe P.O.A
Ti Kouka (Cordyline australis) (25L) Cordyline australis, Ti Kouka $50
Ti Kouka (Cordyline australis) (45L) Cordyline australis, Ti Kouka $95
Ti Kouka (Cordyline australis) (160L) Cordyline australis, Ti Kouka $425
Titoki (Alectryon excelsus) (25L) Alectryon excelsus, Titoki $50
Titoki(Alectryon excelsus)( (45L) Alectryon excelsus, Titoki $80
Titoki (Alectryon excelsus) (80L) Alectryon excelsus, Titoki $160
Titoki (Alectryon excelsus) (160L) Alectryon excelsus, Titoki $350
Titoki (Alectryon excelsus) (450L) Alectryon excelsus, Titoki $1450
Titoki (Alectryon excelsus) (Field) Alectryon excelsus, Titoki P.O.A
Toatoa (Phyllocladus toa toa) (60L) Phyllocladus toa toa, Toatoa $250
Toatoa (Phyllocladus toa toa) (300L) Phyllocladus toa toa, Toatoa $900
Toro (Myrsine salicina) (45L) Myrsine salicina, Toro $130
Totara (Podocarpus totara) (25L) Podocarpus totara, Totara $50
Totara (Podocarpus totara) (45L) Podocarpus totara, Totara $80
Totara (Podocarpus totara) (60L) Podocarpus totara, Totara $140
Totara (Podocarpus totara) (80L) Podocarpus totara, Totara $160
Totara (Podocarpus totara) (160L) Podocarpus totara, Totara $350
Totara (Podocarpus totara) (Field) Podocarpus totara, Totara P.O.A
Totara Matapouri Blue (Podocarpus totara matapouri blue)(45L) Podocarpus totara matapouri blue, Totara Matapouri Blue $130
Totara Gold (Podocarpus totara aureus) (45L) Podocarpus totara aureus, Gold Totara $130
Turepo (Streblus heterophyllus) (45L) AVAILABLE SPRING 2020 Streblus heterophyllus, Turepo $130
Turepo (Streblus heterophyllus) (300L) Streblus heterophyllus, Turepo $750
Weeping Matipo (Myrsine divaricata) (45L) Myrsine divaricata , Weeping Matipo $95
Wharangi (Melicope ternata) (25L) Melicope ternata, Wharangi $50
Wharangi (Melicope ternata) (45L) Melicope ternata,Wharangi $95
White Maire (Nestegis lanceolata) (45L) Nestegis lanceolata, White Maire $95
White Maire (Nestegis lanceolata) (160L) Nestegis lanceolata, White Maire $425
White Maire (Nestegis lanceolata) (Field) Nestegis lanceolata, White Maire $1450

Please Note: All prices are exclusive of GST and are subject to change without prior notice. 


FAQ’s – Tree selection & cultivation

How do I know which native trees I want?

First look at the data in the Tab “Find Your Tree”, then click on the name of the tree, or click on ‘View All Trees’ and you will get more data plus photos–trees suitable for every situation NZ can offer.

What if I get them and they die?

Knowing the effort our customers make in their sourcing and planting, we are happy to replace trees which have died. And trees do die sometimes. So we replace them or suggest alternatives subject to availability. There are handy tips for planting and caring for trees on our website.

Are natives slow?

Of course some are slow, but most of them are strong growers, and some are fast by any standards. so don’t be under the illusion that natives take forever to make a show. BUT, plant a native and you could be responsible for a living thing that will last for a thousand years. Imagine that!

Do natives transplant well, especially at bigger stages?

Yes they do. There are many big tree nurseries like us which supply natives. Our replant experience is overwhelmingly successful, and your takana tree is guaranteed for replacement anyway.

Why are the names so hard?

We agree, but a bit hard to pinpoint the answer. takana uses Maori names wherever we can establish the correct Maori word. We don’t use the old (cringeworthy) English names like Celery Pine, Whiteywood and others we should not even quote in a family website. But the Maori names are not used nationwide, so there can be confusion. The trade relies on the Botanical names, which are of course long and latin, and even these keep changing as new requests are accepted by the powers that be. Some like Tawapou (Planchonella costata) have two latin names in common use. Some have no Maori name, mostly the rarer species, so we either choose a part of the latin name, like Baylisiana (Pennantia baylisiana) or Elingamita (Elingamita johnsonii), or the English name like Coastal Maire (Nestegis apetala) or Silver Pine (Manoao colensoi).

How do you move your field trees when you sell them?

We dig them with either of our two tree spades, (hydraulic operation, mounted on a digger), then we wrap them in hessian, mount them in a wheeled, palletised frame for transport in our tall trailer. On arrival you take the tree out of the frame and place it directly into the hole, where the hessian remains holding the root ball together while the tree settles into its new home. We have a very high success rate, with a relatively low cost system.

Why do you wish to stock so many trees?

Surely some are too rare to be commercial? Yes, but we are helping to preserve some threatened species, and though those are usually the slow growing ones, they are beautiful and will have a place if we can just showcase them to our customers. 4 of our trees were saved by scientists who discovered one single example.